Northern Red Oak ( Quercus rubra) of the Fagaceae family is a widespread, common Oak of the open woods. It is one of the largest Oaks, occasionally 125′ high. An important lumber species, mostly used for flooring, furniture, millwork, railroad cross ties, fence posts and pilings. A popular and handsome shade tree, with good form and dense foliage. Northern Read Oak is one of the most rapid growing oaks. It transplants easily, endures cold conditions and is hardy in city conditions. The leaves tend to hang vertically on the stalks, and the lobes tend to be more triangular than in other Oak species. The leaves are smooth or only lightly hairy along the veins. The middle lobes are largest.
Acorns: 5/8-1 1/8″ long; egg shaped , less than1/3 enclosed by broad cup of reddish brown, blunt, tightly overlapping scales , maturing second year.
Bark: Dark grey or blackish; rough furrowed into scaly ridges; inner bark reddish.
Habitat: Moist, loamy sandy, rocky, and clay soils. Often forming pure stands.
Range: W Ontario to Cape Breton Island, south to Georgia west to E. Oklahoma, and north to Minnesota. Up to 5500′ above sea level.