Eastern White Pine ( Pinus strobus) is a hardy and valuable conifer. The largest of the northeastern conifers, a magnificent evergreen with straight trunk and and a crown of horizontal branches: 1 row added each year. Prized for it’s lumber Eastern White Pine has been used for construction, millwork, trim, and pulpwood. Younger trees have replaced the once seemingly inexhaustible supply of virgin forests. The tall straight trunks were prized for ship masts in the colonial period.
Recognize White Pine by it’s soft, blue-green needles that grow five in a cluster, and 2.5-5″ long. The bark is grey and smooth, becoming rough, thick and deeply furrowed into narrow scaly ridges. The cones of White Pine are long and narrow, yellow brown: typically 4-8″ long.
Height: 100′ is typical but 150′ was the standard of virgin stands before clear cutting.
Diameter:3-4′ or more
Habitat: Well drained sandy soils: sometimes in pure stands
Range: SE. Manitoba east to Newfoundland, south to N. Georhia and west to NE Iowa: a variety in Mexico. From near sea level to 2000′ : in the southern Appalachians to 5000′